Buhari made the declaration at the inauguration of the National Action Plan for Revitalisation of Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Sector at state house conference centre on Thursday in Abuja.
He directed governments at all levels to intensify efforts and work towards meeting the nation’s water supply and sanitation needs.
Buhari warned that henceforth federal government’s support to state governments would be based on their commitment to implementing the National WASH Action Plan in their respective states and to end open defecation by 2025.
The president said the declaration had become critical to reduce the high-prevalence of water-borne diseases in different parts of the country, which has caused preventable deaths.
He described statistics on open defecation, access to piped water services and sanitation in the country as ”disturbing”.
“Access to piped water services which was 32 per cent in 1990 has declined to seven per cent in 2015; access to improved sanitation has also decreased from 38 per cent in 1990 to 29 per cent in 2015,” Buhari said.
“Our country now ranks number two in the global rating on Open Defecation as about 25 per cent of our population are practicing open defecation.
“WASH services at the rural areas are unsustainable as 46 per cent of all water schemes are non-functional, and the share of our spending on WASH sector has been declining from 0.70 per cent of the GDP in 1990 to about 0.27 per cent in 2015, which is far below the 0.70 per cent at the West African regional level.”
The president restated that the provision of potable water supply, adequate sanitation and hygiene were primarily the responsibilities of state and local governments.
According to him, water supply and sanitation are not being given the required attention judging from the high prevalence of water-borne diseases that are being reported in different parts of the country.
He said that the stakeholders could not and would not continue to allow the preventable occurrences to decimate Nigeria’s population.
Buhari said he is aware that Nigeria did not meet the MDG targets for water supply and sanitation that ended in 2015.
“The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) targets (6.1 and 6.2) for WASH are even more demanding as they require WASH services to be provided in adequate quantity and quality on premises at affordable prices,” he said in the speech.
“This cannot be achieved if we continue with ‘a business as usual’ approach.
“It is on this premise that I fully endorse the decision taken at the meeting of the Federal Executive Council in April this year to declare a State of Emergency on our WASH Sector.
“I call on all state governments to complement this effort by according the sector similar recognition to enable us work together to achieve the SDG targets for WASH by 2030.’’
At the federal level, Buhari pledged that his administration would continue to place priority on infrastructure development including those of water supply, sanitation and hygiene services.
“From the inception of this administration, we have demonstrated serious commitment to the development of the Water Sector by preserving the Ministry of Water Resources and subsequently approving the 15-year roadmap developed for the sector,” he said.
“The transformation being witnessed in the sector since then is highly commendable.
“I have no doubt that the on-going initiatives including the implementation of the Partnership for Expanded Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (PEWASH) in the Ministry will take the water sector to improved performance and supply, thereby meeting the national aspirations as well as the SDGs.”